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 Các thì trong tiếng Anh

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Các thì trong tiếng Anh   02/04/09, 12:50 pm

Present Simple Tense


1/ Form :
S V(s/es)/ be
Ex : want-- wants ; give--- gives ; be--- am; is ; are
* Verbs ending in : -sh;-ch;-o;-ss;-x then we add "es" ( washes ; washes...)
*Verbs ending in : -y so we change "y" to "i" then add " es" ( studies ...)
2/Adverbs of frequency :
*Never ; seldom ; rarely; sometimes; often; usually;always; normally;ocassionally...
*From time to time; constantly; now and then; frequently ; every (...);once; twice; threetimes a day ...
3/Uses :
a/ Things are always true :
Ex : Haiduong is not as big as Hanoi
b/ Habits or repeated actions at present :
Ex : I often go to school at 7
c/ Timetable /Schedule :
Ex: The film starts at 8 pm
d/ Likes- interests-belief-hopes..:
* Love , like, hate,dislike ,enjoy, prefer, detest,fancy....
*Thinks ,wonder,consider,suppose, doubt....
*Want ,need, wish, hope, believe,expect,know, understand,....
e/Verbs of perception:
Hear, see,smell,look, notice, seem,, sound...
f/State verbs :
Contain, consist, feel, last, depend, matter, belong,fit,suit,weigh, own, mean, seem, appear...
g/Headings/headlines:
Ex:100 people are killed.
h/Plot of a film, play,book ...:
Ex:The films tells about a naughty boy who is hated by step mother .
i/If-When clause :
Ex: If it rains, i will stay at home .
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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Các thì trong tiếng Anh   02/04/09, 12:52 pm

The present perfect tense


I/ Form
S+ have/ has+ V( past participle

II/ Adverbs of time

+,Since , ever, never, for , just .
+,Ready, lately , recently, ( after have / has or at the end of the sentence )
+,Yet( in negative or yes-no question )

+,So far , up to now, up to present , since then ...
+,In recent years , this month , for / during the last few years ..

III/ Uses


1/ An action started in the past lasting up to present and still likely to happen in the future :

Ex :
He has lived in Haiduong for 6 years

2/ An action in the past but present result:

Ex :
She has bought a new house .

3/ A part of action but the speaker doesn't know the time or doesn't want to mention the time of action

Ex :
She has left my house .
4/What you have / haven't done up to now today, this week, this month )

Ex :
This is the first time I have gone to HoChiMinh City

5/When--If Clauses :
Ex :
If you have finished the test , you can go home
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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Các thì trong tiếng Anh   02/04/09, 12:54 pm

Present Continous Tense

1/Form :

S+ be(am/is/are) + V-ing

* V_ing:
Normally we only add -ing after verbs ( watching, doing,....)
*Verbs ending in "e", we ommit "e" then add "-ing" (inviting, writing ,...)
*Verbs ending in " ie" we change "ie" into " y" then add "-ing"(lie--lying, die--dying,...)
*Verbs ending in "ee" we justnormally add "-ing " (seeing..)
*Verbs ending in a consonant after a single vowels/ one syllables verbs :
Begin---beginning ; swim-- swimming
2/Uses :
a/An action is happening at the moment of speaking :
Ex :She is learning English now .
*Adverbs : now , at the moment , at present , today .
b/A future plan /Arrangement ( tomorrow, next week , tonight ..)
Ex : We are having breakfast at 8 am tomorrow
*Adverbs of time should be used except verbs of movement : go, come leave, arrive, move, have ....
Ex : Don't come early . We are having a nice party .
c/To complain about a bad habit ( always):
She is always losing her glasses .
d/ An action is considered to be happening but may be it isn't happening at the moment of speaking ( this week..)
Ex : They are building a new house
He is studying maths at college
e/ Changing state ( get/become) ---Imperative( increase/rise)
Ex: The weather is becoming colder and colder
f/Repeated action arround the moment of speaking
Ex :The sun is strong so i am wearing my sunglasses .
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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Các thì trong tiếng Anh   02/04/09, 12:56 pm

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

1/ Form :
S+have/has been + V-ing
2/Uses:
a/ An action in the past lasting up to now and certainly happen in the future .
Ex :They have been studying French since 1998
b/A recently finished action with obvious result at present
Ex :She has been working with her computer for hours so her eyes are burnt .
c/To emphasize the duration of an action and the action occupied a period time in the past ( all day, all....)
Ex:Mary has been learning cooking all day
d/ An action lasting up to the present
Ex:Lan has been waiting for Tuan for 4 hours
Về Đầu Trang Go down
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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Các thì trong tiếng Anh   03/04/09, 10:48 am

Present Simple Tense

1/ Form :
S+ V(s/es)/ be

Ex : want-- wants ; give--- gives ; be--- am; is ; are

* Verbs ending in : -sh;-ch;-o;-ss;-x then we add "es" ( washes ; washes...)

*Verbs ending in : -y so we change "y" to "i" then add " es" ( studies ...)

2/Adverbs of frequency :

*Never ; seldom ; rarely; sometimes; often; usually;always; normally;ocassionally...

*From time to time; constantly; now and then; frequently ; every (...);once; twice; threetimes a day ...

3/Uses :

a/ Things are always true :

Ex : Haiduong is not as big as Hanoi

b/ Habits or repeated actions at present :

Ex : I often go to school at 7

c/ Timetable /Schedule :

Ex: The film starts at 8 pm

d/ Likes- interests-belief-hopes..:

* Love , like, hate,dislike ,enjoy, prefer, detest,fancy....
*Thinks ,wonder,consider,suppose, doubt....
*Want ,need, wish, hope, believe,expect,know, understand,....

e/Verbs of perception:

Hear, see,smell,look, notice, seem,, sound...

f/State verbs :

Contain, consist, feel, last, depend, matter, belong,fit,suit,weigh, own, mean, seem, appear...
g/Headings/headlines:

Ex:100 people are killed.

h/Plot of a film, play,book ...:
Ex:The films tells about a naughty boy who is hated by step mother .

i/If-When clause :

Ex: If it rains, i will stay at home .
Về Đầu Trang Go down
Admin
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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Các thì trong tiếng Anh   03/04/09, 10:49 am

The present perfect tense



I/ Form
S+ have/ has+ V( past participle
)

II/ Adverbs of time

+,Since , ever, never, for , just .
+,Ready, lately , recently, ( after have / has or at the end of the sentence )
+,Yet( in negative or yes-no question )

+,So far , up to now, up to present , since then ...
+,In recent years , this month , for / during the last few years ..

III/ Uses

1/ An action started in the past lasting up to present and still likely to happen in the future :

Ex :
He has lived in Haiduong for 6 years

2/ An action in the past but present result:

Ex :
She has bought a new house .

3/ A part of action but the speaker doesn't know the time or doesn't want to mention the time of action

Ex :
She has left my house .

4/What you have / haven't done up to now today, this week, this month )

Ex :
This is the first time I have gone to HoChiMinh City

5/When--If Clauses :
Ex :
If you have finished the test , you can go home
Về Đầu Trang Go down
Admin
Admin
Admin



Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Các thì trong tiếng Anh   03/04/09, 10:50 am

Present Continous Tense

1/Form :

S+ be(am/is/are) + V-ing

* V_ing:
Normally we only add -ing after verbs ( watching, doing,....)

*Verbs ending in "e", we ommit "e" then add "-ing" (inviting, writing ,...)

*Verbs ending in " ie" we change "ie" into " y" then add "-ing"(lie--lying, die--dying,...)

*Verbs ending in "ee" we justnormally add "-ing " (seeing..)

*Verbs ending in a consonant after a single vowels/ one syllables verbs :
Begin---beginning ; swim-- swimming

2/Uses :

a/An action is happening at the moment of speaking :

Ex :She is learning English now .

*Adverbs : now , at the moment , at present , today .

b/A future plan /Arrangement ( tomorrow, next week , tonight ..)

Ex : We are having breakfast at 8 am tomorrow

*Adverbs of time should be used except verbs of movement : go, come leave, arrive, move, have ....

Ex : Don't come early . We are having a nice party .

c/To complain about a bad habit ( always):

She is always losing her glasses .

d/ An action is considered to be happening but may be it isn't happening at the moment of speaking ( this week..)

Ex : They are building a new house
He is studying maths at college

e/ Changing state ( get/become) ---Imperative( increase/rise)

Ex: The weather is becoming colder and colder

f/Repeated action arround the moment of speaking

Ex :The sun is strong so i am wearing my sunglasses .
Về Đầu Trang Go down
Admin
Admin
Admin



Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Các thì trong tiếng Anh   03/04/09, 10:51 am

Present Perfect Continuous Tense



1/ Form :

S+have/has been + V-ing


2/Uses:

a/ An action in the past lasting up to now and certainly happen in the future .

Ex :They have been studying French since 1998

b/A recently finished action with obvious result at present

Ex :She has been working with her computer for hours so her eyes are burnt .

c/To emphasize the duration of an action and the action occupied a period time in the past ( all day, all....)

Ex:Mary has been learning cooking all day

d/ An action lasting up to the present

Ex:Lan has been waiting for Tuan for 4 hours
Về Đầu Trang Go down
 

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